Diesel in Europe
The year 2000s saw the rise of diesel vehicle sales in Europe
In 1980, the share of the diesel in the French fleet was slightly more than 8%. In the 2000s, diesel support policies (ex: scrapping premiums, bonus-malus system) and the development of new, more efficient technologies helped diesel gain ground in Europe. Indeed, European manufacturers managed to develop more environmentally friendly technologies for the environment than gasoline models. The proportion of diesel cars thus exceeded petrol models. France is beaming in being the country with the highest proportion of diesel in Europe. The proportion of diesel cars against the petrol proportion increased from 49% in 2000 to more than 75% in 2007.
After 2008, gasoline gained ground again
The share of diesel vehicles in France went from 77% in 2008 to 64% in 2014. Diesel has been accused of being harmful to the health, resulting in a drop in European sales. WHO even called diesel a carcinogenic in 2012. In addition, the Euro 5 standards in 2011, followed by Euro 6 in 2014, have lowered the emissions ceilings for nitrogen oxides, causing an extra cost in the sale of vehicles since they have had to adapt their technologies, especially by installing an AdBlue® tank. The slow decline of the diesel benefited the petrol cars… And perhaps even upstream the hybrids and electric vehicles.